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Climate Change Policy Research
Improvement Plan for Environmental Impact Assessment of Livestock Facility Construction Project: Focus on the Establishment of a Planned Location for the Prevention of Livestock Infectious Diseases
Ⅰ. Need and purpose of Research
o Since livestock infectious diseases can spread in and out of livestock facilities during the period from virus sampling to testing and confirmation, it is important to prevent them in advance. In order to prevent the diseases, countermeasures such as upgrading livestock breeding facilities and strengthening quarantine management are necessary, but in Korea, it is difficult to implement them due to problems such as a lack of finance and professional manpower in related ministries and local governments. Thus, planning a facility in a location that can prevent livestock infectious diseases should be reviewed first, and then, the facility installation and management plan should be carried out step by step. Regarding the environmental impact assessment system, one of the legal and institutional procedures for determining the location of livestock facilities, an environmental impact assessment of livestock farming project is carried out in accordance with standards such as the area of breeding facilities and the area of manure treatment facilities. Until now, within the assessment system, the assessment and review of the location have been conducted with a focus on the odor impact on the surrounding fixed-temperature facilities and the preservation of water quality. Issues of the epidemic outbreak have not been considered. However, planned locations for epidemic prevention need to be addressed within the environmental impact assessment system since, in the event of a contagious livestock disease in livestock facilities, the possibility of contami