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Research Reports
A study on improvement plan of subsurface environment management system(Ⅱ)
This study was performed to improve the current law of subsurface environmental management in Korea. For this, we redefined the definition of subsurface environmental concept and effect of affecting the subsurface environment from first year study. In this study, we finally suggested a improvement of subsurface management using intensively analyzing of cases related with subsurface environmental effects and law. Especially, the present study more focused on the subsurface environmental damage against the subsurface environmental pollution.
As a review of various cases of subsurface environmental damage and domestic and foreign legal systems, we found that current Korean legal system is inadequate to manage the subsurface environmental conservation. In addition, there are lack of soil and groundwater environmental regulation for subsurface environmental damage, and there is insufficient effectiveness of national management plan. Thus, we derived the improvement of current environmental law such as “Environmental Policy Framework Act”, “Natural Environment Conservation Act”, “Natural Parks Act”, “Groundwater Act”, “Soil Conservation Act”, “Environmental Impact Assessment Act”.
Finally, the result of analyzing the subsurface environment related legislation in Korea, we suggested that (1) “Environmental Policy Framework Act” needs to declare the necessity for subsurface environmental management because it is the basic law on environmental protection and conservation, (2) “Natural Environment Conservation Act” needs to establish the restriction of subsurface environmental damag