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Research Reports
Climate-environmental risks outlook and the national strategy(II)
Climate change has accelerated due to global warming and the vulnerability of social and ecological systems continues to grow. Amidst the situation, risk assessment has played a significant role in formulating adaptation plans. Therefore, in this study, hot spot areas that are the most vulnerable to climate change were analyzed.

First of all, literature review and expert interviews were carried out to produce the indexes for hotspot analysis by using the GIS at the country level. This study focused on heat wave, heavy rain, and sea level rise among the many types of climate risk. The indexes were categorized into climate hazard, vulnerability and exposure. After selecting the indexes, standardized values and hotspot areas were deducted in present, mid-term future (2030s), and long-term future (2050) by multiplying the hazard and vulnerability value and then overlaying the exposure value. Hotspot areas were defined as high hazard, vulnerability and exposure.
Case sites in each urban and rural area were selected in accordance with the results from hotspot analysis at the country level by applying the same methodologies used in the hot spot analysis at the national level. Hotspot analysis indexes which are more specific than the ones applied at the country level were produced by literature reviews and expert interviews as well. Also, statistical analysis was conducted to identify the relationship between independent variables and hotspot values.
Lastly, system dynamics analysis was performed to investigate the climate change impact and suggest policy direction. Through the s